Know Company Culture before Awarding Your Project Part 4

Now deviating from the previous thread of opensource from Part 3, I would like to focus on proprietary platform mainly Microsoft Technologies on the web and some other established alternatives for the internet dwellers by-and-large.

Proprietary Technologies for Responsive Web Programming

It is known fact that any language or technology developed at Microsoft couldn’t be opensource in total sense because Apple and Microsoft are infamous for their dominancy hidden agenda over the market since the beginning. Thus, recent version C# and ASP.NET are also victims of the same policies and a developer has to spend buck on the purchasing of license of software/tools from the Microsoft at any critical stage of development, be it web or mobile.

However, the recent version of C# is quite better than Java, and perhaps, has more elaborated libraries and tools for ASP.NET, or in support of other Microsoft technologies/languages. The most amazing changes in latest versions of Visual Studio are its support for JavaScript writing rather than the changes in the syntax of C#. Therefore, we can say that Microsoft is eyeing in the Java crowd to lure them towards its more secure and stable platform instead bitching on the opensource and its pitfall of supports.

Recent changes in Microsoft Technologies and some other alternative languages like Python and Ruby make more sense in the progress of Responsive Web Development.

Other Scripts

Apart from main languages, minor scripts are more prevalent on the web and Node.js or JavaScript is pioneer among them. Node.js is the more popular way to manage server side issues of programming since it is designed for real-time driven application with lowest latency and programmers have to manage a small core in compare to other alternatives. Another advantage is its non-blocking nature of libraries so you can take it at frontend languages as well as backend language simultaneously.

If we look at Clojure we can say it is pragmatic and with modern Lisp and great for data dealing. If you have complex projects and demanding FP (functional programming), usage still keeping OOP (object-oriented programming) Scala is the best alternative for JVM fans.

Presence of UX professionals and QA Team Makes Difference

Apart from the knowledge bank of programming language in a company, its designers particularly UI and UX designers in a collaborative team working in highly conductive environment make greater differences in the outcome of the project in long run. If you are intended to beat your fierce competition a solid team of QA professionals or programmers are mandatory in your selected company. You need to look at the portfolio of the company and decide their quality management standards. If you are opting for customization, then asking them directly is more advisable.

In short, this series will give you some insights of various languages and company cultures accordingly so you can select the best company that suits to your business and align the core value of that company with your present needs by offering long-term partnership in your businesses.


Helping Hand to Newbie WordPress Developers Part 3

In previous part 2, we have explored the ways to know database, and learned how to use them in our WordPress development effectively. In this recent post, we would like to know about the transferring process of local WordPress website to the live server without losing anything and with a smooth process.

Use cPanel

Once you finish the development process at local server, you will have huge database as well as bulky folders with innumerable files for posts, pages, images, themes, plugins, and so on. Today we are using cPanel to place and manage our website or web application sources to the hosting server. No doubt, cPanel is equipped with all tools and technologies to manage and migrate sources from local to live server manually, but there are various plugins available to do these tasks automatically with adequate security and speed for bulky web sources.


There BackupBuddy and Duplicator plugins used in recent generations or WordPress programmers who used to face such task on daily bases for their patrons. We know we can’t copy past our source files and folders without setting permissions and security variables appropriately. Therefore, use of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is mandatory for all WordPress developers.

There are various FTP clients available in the market for free or paid such as WS_FTP for windows platforms, Filezilla as firefox or other browser plugins, FireFTP for all platforms, Cyberduck for Mac only, and WinSCP for windows only.

Transfer Database

The first and foremost step is to transfer local WordPress database using phpMyAdmin. As we have learn about phpMyAdmin in previous parts, we need to know that here we have to use only its export button located at the top menu bar of cPanel of your local host. Now, select all tables and zipped them to compress. After compression select zip file and push the Go button, located at the bottom of the page to download your database.

Now, turn on FTP client and connect it with your live site, where you will find various directories so you need to select proper directory for you and that would be public_html directory in your domain. The next step would be to select your WordPress files on local server and upload them to the liver server.

Create New Database

For database transfer you need to create MySQL database on the live site first using the cPanel features given especially for MySQL database. Once you push that database button on the cPanel dashboard you will enter in to the database creation wizard where you need to fill up all essential input fields with appropriate information.

Finish Database Transfer

Now, finally you come at the stage of importing you zipped database file saved in previous steps. At very moment, database section on cPanel will help you to import database so go to database section and click on phpMyAdmin where you will find new database with no tables so now click the import tab in the top menu and on the import page select file button and select your zipped database. After selection, you can press Go button at the bottom of the page and start importing process.

In next part, we will finish the transferring process from local to live.


Know Company Culture before Awarding Your Project Part 3

Extending thread from Part 2, I would like to keep discussion on opensource platform and we shall now jump from PHP to the next most popular opensource language JAVA today.

About Java Culture

Before a half decade Java become infamous against the rival opensource languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, etc. due to its rigidity on J2EE or Swing and Sun’s failure to be contemporary to focus on the growth rather than cash it in the market.

Android Infusing Oxygen

Fortunately, Google has revived its status again by posing Android based on it and established new trends to make the Java cool again through high quality libraries and augmentation of JVM to meet the recent challenges on the web and mobile sphere.

Notable Advantages

Although, Java has several advantages based on its philosophy attached such as it is highly portable language and derived from C or C++ class syntax with some automatic memory management features. Since modern era is of OOP Android and Java have object orientation inherently.

When you are going to select a suitable Java developers for you there would be a precautionary question that whether he or she is familiar with good IDE for Java or not because Java is not PHP so it needs a definite IDE like Eclipse to go smoothly and rapidly.

Java has one more advantage that threading is a way to go and have pretty JVM to manage many things in advance as well as secure code and environment for better security features. However, in practice today Java is becoming extinct against the rise of Android and its biggest rival PHP.

Python—A Well Established Language

Before PHP era, web and computer software developers were cherishing two main languages for dynamic programming and they were Ruby (Ruby On Rails) and Python. As per my experiences, Python is designed for seasoned developers to meet their end through a single straight way because in Python you can’t go outside the one defined way to do things. Therefore, Python is still famous for backend applications like NLP, Biotech, SOA, etc. elements

Pros & Cons of Python

Despite their dynamic nature Ruby and Python both suffering from some obvious drawbacks like failure on performance credentials and concurrency. However, some classic and some fresher still preferring coding in Python due to its quality to produce superb documents and its best libraries to tackle intricate problems custom ways. Python is great for teamwork as it is process oriented approaches are good enough for a good collaborative team. Therefore, it is favorite among the seasoned, pragmatic, experienced, and full-stack developers who are thriving for modern yet well-proven dynamic web development languages.


Helping Hand to Newbie WordPress Developers Part 2

In first part 1, we have learnt some initial lessons to setup WordPress on the local host using Wampserver and its functional parts phpMyAdmin for database setup and managements. Taking the discussions further, we would like to introduce with database and its components as well as migration from local server to live one in this current post.

Know Database in WordPress Development

Generally, database consists of tables and data inside which are retrieve to generate HTML pages dynamically on infinite requests. Therefore, WordPress is considering the most powerful content management platform on the web and consists of more than 60% websites, which are running on the PHP code.

By default, each default database has eleven, default database table in WordPress fragmenting each table in different sections such as features, functionality, and various sections of the WordPress variables. For instant,

Comments: wp_commentmeta is a name of comments storing table where wp_ prefix is adding by default. If you look at the table closely, you will find four main fields like

  • meta_id
  • comment_id
  • meta_key
  • meta_value

Based on functionality each meta_id is in accordance with comment_id that manage the Meta information in the table for instant approving comment, showing pending comments, show editing functionality for comments like trash or recover or hide, etc.

Wp_comment is bit different and its table is consists of name of author of the comment, URL, email, texts of the comment, etc.

URL manager: wp_links is the table component that enables WordPress developers to manage blogrolls created by earlier versions of WordPress. Alternatively, we can use Link Manager plug-ins available in the market and create custom URL different ways to make our blog or WordPress website SEO friendly and user friendly so users can remember URLs easily.

Setting or Options: with wp_options table we can easily manage website settings like URL, admin email, categories default and custom, numbers of post per web page, set date and time format and so on features and functions for our website. In latest versions of WordPress, this option table is highly useful for the storage of plug-in settings for innumerable plugins to give extended functionality.

Post Management: wp_postmeta table is storing all Meta information related to your posts and pages of your WordPress site. This table is highly useful for theme or template creating WordPress programmers and SEO professionals to store their SEO meta data through SEO plugins available in the market.

Another table for post management is wp_posts that is storing data related to post types only or in other words content types. Therefore, you will find data related to your posts, pages, revisions, and other custom types of posts in this table.

Taxonomy: basically WordPress is offering powerful taxonomy system on the web so it permits you to organize content in decent and usable manners. If we define individual taxonomy items, we will use terms for them and these terms are store in wp_terms table so you can categories and tags your posts or pages and can easily manage relationships with other post types using wp_term_relationships table for a big WordPress web development. Similarly, wp_term-taxonomy helps to define taxonomy in intricate WordPress development project and can differentiate differences between categories and tags easily.

User Management: we have two tables to manage users at different permission levels for our WordPress website and its backend system. Wp_users and wp_usermeta are performing these functions of user managements by storing data about usernames, their passwords, their emails, and other relevant information at first hand.


Helping Hand to Newbie WordPress Developers Part 1

Today I am going to extend some helping hands to the newbie WordPress programmers who have keen desires to experiments directly on the WordPress platform using a local host or local server on their own PC or a dedicated PC in the office network as a server.

It is fact that we majority of developers using Windows OS on our computers therefore, today I am going to depict how to set up a WAMP server on your Windows PC. However, today seasoned developers also prefer to create a local server environment or create a local host in order to create a WordPress theme or invent a new WordPress plug-in or test them.

Setup WAMP Server for WordPress Programming

Naturally, WAMP is derive from Windows, Apache web server, PHP, and MySQL database management bundle therefore, it is easy and cheap or almost frees option for a server creation. In order to set up WAMP server you need to download WAMP server source on your PC and run the installation process simply following on-screen instructions, nothing complicated.

Setup MySQL Database for WordPress Development

Database management is crucial and essential step in WordPress development because WordPress is based on the PHP programming language, which is storing and retrieving data from the database and perform many dynamic functions without your manual interventions. For instance, WordPress store data of posts, pages, comments, tags, categories, URLs, and users in normal course, which are contributing directly in the creation of very dynamic pages without placing a single HTML code manually.

Role of phpMyAdmin

Now, these database management is done by phpMyAdmin, which is comes with WAMP server bundle and after installation you can access it through clicking WAMP server icon in windows taskbar. Functionally, phpMyAdmin creates interactive user interface to setup database and manage them as well as export them to the web server locally or on the live host server.

In phpMyAdmin you have to click on the create a new database option and fill the information on the prompts or pop-ups like name of database, user name, password, database host, table prefix (wp_), etc. so you can create various tables in database and perform multiple functions at a time.

Installing WordPress

One database is setup you have to move to the web to download WordPress source from the official website of the WordPress that is Download, zip file, un-zip them in a WordPress named folder. Now, you have to past WordPress folder into the root directory of wamp server in you C-drive where www folder is called the root folder. Of course, you can rename your WordPress folder in order to avoid conflicts and name them as your website name. suppose we name it as yoursite.

Configure the WordPress Installation

Now, you have to go to browser and type http://localhost/yoursite/

Immediately you will have a prompt telling that it can’t find wp-config.php because you have not configure yet so you need to create a configuration file clicking on the Create a Configuration File button on the prompt.

The next screen would be database information seeking so you have to fill database name as decided before while creating MySQL database. Here you won’t need to provide user name and password because there would be a by default name of database user and that is ‘root’. Now, WordPress will create a configuration file for you. Immediately, you have to run the WordPress installation and gradually filling the information in the forms one-by-one. However, they would be some basic information and you will finish installation with the success message and log-in window at the end.


Know Company Culture before Awarding Your Project Part 2

As we have discussed in previous part 1, that there are plenty of factors directly and directly influences the decisions of selecting technologies and tools for our web development project. Keeping continue with this discussion I shall try to draw your attentions towards the internal milieu of the company you are selecting for the web project, i.e., internal company culture.

Technology Comes with a Culture

Today our web development community is divided into two distinct fragments, one favoring opensource technologies while another still stay with proprietary platforms. Java, PHP, etc. are championing and dominating web as old and new web programming languages respectively while its forks like Android beating mobile platforms at other hand.

In simple words, if you select PHP as your language of development you have to meet various PHP development companies with range of expertise on various opensource software based on PHP. They will have teams of developers for CMS to e-commerce and simple small business website programming using customized scripts in PHP.

Know Your Team before Final Decision

Keep one thing about PHP in your mind that it is damn easy language for web development to learn. Therefore, you will find tons of bio-data of developers with expertise in PHP claiming big. Since you are not a tech-guy or with much knowledge about PHP, you won’t able to segregate appropriate developers for your development team. Here common sense will help you to hit target. You need to check what work they have done perfectly in individual projects and what contribution made in a team work project with which roles.

Now, shoot some practical questions that how they will accomplish your work and with what timeline. It is better they chart out their development path in advance with development strategies, frameworks they will use, and libraries they have to meet your bespoken needs. You need to know in advance that which conventions they have established for themselves and their company. Which processes they will use for your web development and which guidelines they consider the most during your project in particular.

If everything seems obvious, you can put your stamp of choice on the developer/s, team, or company for your PHP web development.

Selection of Opensource PHP Software

Now, you will go one level up after selecting PHP as your web development language and open your card to the company/ies you are selecting for you. Tell them your requirements in details and let them select opensource software appropriate for you. If you need something more than a personal website or a blog they immediately jump to the Joomla, instead of WordPress, and ask you to go for PSD to Joomla conversion at first hand.

If your needs fall in different categories you will have bit different suggestions and will explore them in our next part of this series.

Thanks for your interest.


Know Company Culture before Awarding Your Project Part 1

When you think of a web development project, you will have plenty of options to select a development language, tools, and technologies. Now, you have to select appropriate technologies to achieve your targeted results within a set time frame and cost. Your selection depends on your category-tech, or non-tech.

As A Graphics Designer

For instance, if you are a graphics designer and have clienteles demanding web development work, you have to prepare entire website layout in Photoshop according to the choices of your patrons and push your PSD to the your choice of web development company, team or outsourcing company for cheaper yet quality results.

For Simple Project

In such cases, you will think in a particular direction and run a search based on the nature of the project. If your project is a simple small business website and only need a web and mobile presence, you will select opensource technologies and run a search like PSD to Joomla or PSD to WordPress or simply responsive web designing company.

For E-Commerce Project

If your clients are going to online business, you will look at e-commerce development and will search PSD to Virtue Mart, PSD to Magento, or simply PSD to WordPress with e-commerce plugin integration.

Why This Series Is

You will do this because you know the contemporary technologies and its appropriate usage in favor of your clients, but what about the others who are not tech guys or have access of any tech guy to get right guidance? Perfect question this one is.

Therefore, I have initiated this series to introduce you to different technologies and tools used in recent era for contemporary web development where we have to deal with multiple screens of different sorts of devices ranging from huge desktop computers to tiny smartphones in the palm of modern end users.

All Technologies Are Good

If you look at the literature of major modern web and mobile development technologies, you will find that they have created with great purposes and with good features so there are ample chances to get success with any of the technology you use. Now the most considerable matter for your success is the suitability of the technologies for your long-term and short-term visions, its execution, and nature of the targeted audiences.

Factors Influences Your Decisions

Let me simplify things bit further, out of words jargons. If you don’t have vision that how you will perform after one year of five and what sort of people will work with you won’t get idea about the needs in future. You have to think about your staff and your customers or targeted audiences of your website who are end users of it. What devices that will use and how they will access you. These all factors will influence the decision of the technologies you will use for your web development.

Keeping continue with this series I shall describe other factors in next part. Thanks for your interest.